GHANASKY.COM and ACCRA24.COM recently took a jouralistic flight which landed our reporters in two wonderful regions of GHANA. The purpose of this article was to create knowledge or perception of a situation or fact of the level of poverty incidence per annum but most people took this article for political debate, which reached about 38,398 people on FaceBook only.

Since our last time of visit to volta region, to towns like:  Aflao, Akatsi, Denu, Sogakope, Agbozume or Klikor-Agbozume etc, one could see that, the people in those two regions are hard working people but with little development going on.

Klikor-Agbozume town has a large market, which takes place almost every four days. The market is popular for the sale of Kente cloth where traders from Burkina Faso, Togo Benin and Nigeria come to buy the cloth and export it. On market days people from surrounding villages also come to Agbozume to trade various goods. People here are very hard working but most of their works are Self-employment.

At Agbozume Market Day, people from different villages travel by motor, trotro or by foot, to sell their goods.
According to GBC report dated on October 9, 2015 at 9:36am; despite strides attained by government in halving poverty per the Millennium Development Goals, poverty levels in the country are still high especially in the three regions of the North.

Information reaching GHANASKY.COM, Ghana Broadcasting Corporation [GBC ] can confirmed that, statistics from the Second Ghana Poverty Mapping report show that Upper West Region is the poorest followed by the Upper East, Northern and the Volta region.

The report indicates that these regions are faced with low educational levels, high unemployment and are below the poverty incidence of GH¢1,314.00 per annum.

These came to light at the launch of the Ghana Poverty Mapping Report in Accra.

National Poverty Map By Ghana Statistical Service:
Figures 3.1 to 3.4 show the maps of headcount rate, number of poor persons, depth of poverty and inequality for the 216 districts in Ghana.  The map shows that the three northern regions still remain the poorest in the country.  Where the map adds value is how it reveals the heterogeneity in standard of living across districts within regions, a level of detail that could not be obtained from the GLSS 6 data. For instance, Upper West as a whole has a poverty rate of 70.7 percent.  However, within the region, there is a wide variation in the headcount rate across districts.  It goes from a low of about 36 percent in Wa Municipal to approximately 84 percent in Wa East and more than 90 percent in Wa West.   It is noteworthy that the two poorest districts border the least poor district in the region, a pattern that would not have been apparent without a poverty mapping exercise.

The map also reveals the existence of pockets of poverty and islands of prosperity.  The poverty rate in Adaklu district (89.7%) in Volta region is more than two and half times the regional average (33.8%).  In the Northern region where the headcount rate is 50.4 percent, two districts have poverty rates of less than 30 percent – Tamale Metropolis (24.6%) and Sagnerigu Municipal (29.3%).

An alternative way to visualize the spatial distribution of poverty is through the number of poor individuals.  Remote, rural, isolated areas may have high headcount rate but may have few poor persons due to their small population size.  In contrast, poverty rate may be low in urban areas but they may be host to a large number of poor people.  Figure 3.2 shows the number of poor persons by district.
Depth of poverty measures how much below the poverty line the poor’s standard of living is.
The lower the depth of poverty, the closer the poor are to the poverty line, and vice versa.  It
is easier to achieve poverty reduction in areas with low depth of poverty.  As seen in Figure
3.3, depth of poverty is also the highest in areas with high headcount rate.   This means poverty in these regions is not only widespread, it is also entrenched.

Finally, Figure 3.4 shows the distribution of the Gini coefficient, a measure of inequality, across districts.  It shows that inequality is relatively high in Upper West and Upper East, two of the three poorest regions, compared to Northern region, the third poorest region.

Watch Audio-Video Below From Ghana Broadcasting Corporation (GBC):


Source: ACCRA24.COM | GHANASKY.COM and Support article from  Ghana Broadcasting Corporation / Ghana Statistical Service

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